Free cash flow
DEUTZ Group: Change in cash and cash equivalents
At the end of 2014, cash flow from operating activities amounted to €114.1 million, which was €9.1 million higher than at the end of the previous year (31 December 2013: €105.0 million). Due to the level of orders, there was a greater increase in working capital in 2013 than in 2014.
The cash flow from investing activities in the reporting period fell sharply from minus €84.6 million in 2013 to minus €55.9 million. The primary factor accounting for the decline of €28.7 million were the lower payments associated with capital spending on property, plant and equipment and intangible assets. The sale of our shareholding in DEUTZ Versicherungsvermittlung GmbH at the end of 2013 contributed to this decline because the transaction did not affect cash flow until the first quarter of 2014.
Financing activities in 2014 resulted in a net cash outflow of €17.5 million (2013: €13.2 million). This year-on-year change was largely attributable to the 2013 dividend payment amounting to €8.5 million but it was partly offset by lower borrowing costs in terms of payments of interest and principal.
Cash and cash equivalents as at 31 December 2014 had risen by €42.8 million and stood at €101.7 million (31 December 2013: €58.9 million). The net financial position1) improved significantly, having risen by €45.4 million since the end of 2013 to €13.7 million at 31 December 2014, the first time it had returned to positive territory since 2009.
Primarily due to the lower amount of net cash used for investing activities, the free cash flow2) was almost four times higher than in 2013 (€13.8 million), having risen by €38.2 million to €52.0 million and significantly exceeded our forecast at the beginning of the year.
1) Net financial position: cash and cash equivalents less current and non-current interest-bearing financial liabilities.
2) Free cash flow: cash flow from operating and investing activities minus net interest expense.